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THE PLANT KINGDOM

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Index:
1. Plants.
2. Characteristics of plants
3. What do different parts of plants do?
4. Plant nutrition
5. Let´s investigate: Plant interaction
6. Flowering plant reproduction
7. Let´s investigate: asexual reproduction
8. Amazing science: Seeds (Reading)
9. Science Investigators´ report: A plant report
10. Vocabulary



1. Plants.


Examples of plants
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Flowering plants:
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Angiosperm
Gymnosperm
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ANGIOSPERMS: Images and videos
GYMNOSPERMS: images and videos
Non flowering plants
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Algae
Mosses
Ferns


TREES
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2. Characteristics of plants
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CELL GAMECELL STRUCTURE: Learn and play (You will enjoy it, sure!)LOOK: MacMillan Poster Activity

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PARTS OF A LEAF:
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3. What do different parts of plants do?

LOOK: MacMillan slide presentation: PLANTS

DRAW and LABEL:
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ZIP Challenge









THE PLANT DETECTIVE: The plant detective


4. Plant nutrition

Breathe in, breathe out

What is Photosynthesis?

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Photosynthesis may sound like a big word, but it's actually pretty simple. You can divide it into two parts: "Photo" is the Greek word for "Light," and "synthesis," is the Greek word for "putting together," which explains what photosynthesis is. It is using light to put things together. You may have noticed that all animals and humans eat food, but plants don't eat anything. Photosynthesis is how plants eat. They use this process to make their own food. Since they don't have to move around to find food, plants stay in one place, since they can make their food anywhere as long as they have three things.

The three things are Carbon Dioxide, Water, and Light.
Here's what photosynthesis looks like:
Carbon Dioxide + Water + Light ----> Sugar + Oxygen
Plants want to breathe in Carbon Dioxide. Plants also drink. This is why you need to water plants or they will die. They use their roots to suck water up into their bodies, and their little mouths to breath in the carbon dioxide. Once they have both of these things, all they need is light. Leaves are made up of a bunch of tiny cells, where this happens. Inside the cells are tiny little things called chloroplasts. Chloroplasts are what makes leaves green, and they are also what takes the carbon dioxide, the water, and the light, and turns them into sugar and oxygen.

The sugar is then used by the plants for food, and the oxygen is breathed out into the atmosphere. This process as a whole is "photosynthesis."


Plants and photosynthesis: Help Sam in the greenhouse

LOOK: MacMillan animation about Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis









Photosynthesis II









Photosynthesis III










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Why photosynthesis is so important?










From outside to inside

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Transport in plants


Las plantas saben cómo hacer rentable la energía solar

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Un árbol y el intercambio de energía con su entorno. Proceso de la fotosíntesis
ANSWER THE SCIENCE INVESTIGATORS´ WIKI

5. Let´s investigate: Plant interaction




6. Flowering plant reproduction


LOOK AT ZIP POLLINATION (animation below)

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Reproduction in flowering plants (PPT)

Go to ZIP Challenge and click on Pollination

LIFE CYCLES (REVISION)




7. Let´s investigate: asexual reproduction





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PLANT REPRODUCTION:

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8. Amazing science: Seeds (Reading)







9. Science Investigators´ report: A plant report
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COLLECTING AUTUMN LEAVES: See a model

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DO IT YOURSELF. Here is a template to ADOPT A TREE

Summary:
The plant kingdom is the biggest group of living things on Earth. Plants make their own food. Plants part are green because their cells contain chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is needed for plant nutrition . Plants can react to light, temperature and water. Most plants reproduce by growing flowers which then produce seeds.

10. Vocabulary

Classification of plants: living things*, Plant Kingdom*, flowering / non-flowering, angiosperms, gymnosperms, algae, mosses, ferns, evergreen, date palm, habitat
Plants cells: cell membrane, cell wall, cytoplasm, chloroplasts, vacuole, chlorophyll
Plants parts, characteristics and functions (Las partes de las plantas, características y funciones): roots*, leaves*, stems*, seeds*, fruit*, flower*, fronds, cones, petiole, blade, pores, stomata, vein, herbaceous stem, woody stem, root hairs, nutrition*, carbon
dioxide*, oxygen*, respiration*, water*, minerals, Sun*, interact*, grow*, reproduce*, exchange gases, energy*, soil*, glucose*, phloem cells, phloem sap, xylem cells, xylem sap, petals, attract, pollen grains, react*, light*, environment*, Venus Fly trap, carnivorous, supplements, Saguaro cactus, adapted, expand, store, spiny, absorbing*, sunlight, producers
Plant reproduction,/seed germination (La reproducción en las plantas/germinación de las semillas): sexual reproduction*, male / female organs, stamen*, filament, anther*, pollen*, reproductive cell, pistil, ovary*, ovules*, style, stigma, pollination*, seed*, fertilisation, asexual reproduction, seeds*, spores, spore case, stolons, tubers, underground, potatoes, fragmentation, carrot, fertiliser, shoot, seed bank
Other words: shady, delicate, fragrant, medicine, resilient, biologist*, government, vault, store*, guard